For middle and high school students completing the F24 build, the foundational skills learned through the Goblin program are built upon with the introduction of functional system changes such as tire composition and pressure, gear ratio changes, drive systems, weight reduction, and motor control.

In the process of implementing and evaluating the effectiveness of these changes, students learn that they must work together for their team to be successful. This concept is reinforced as the students begin to shift from teacher direction to student direction with teacher support and oversight.